Throughout Vietnam's long history, people have relied on hunting and fishing to survive. And a lot of the time, the hunting and fishing were assisted by loyal canine sidekicks.
Vietnam has four types of native dogs, all considered excellent hunting and guard dogs. However, the number of these four breeds is not much and there are several independent groups that are protecting and breeding to make them more popular.
1. Bac Ha Dog
They are raised by the H'mong ethnic minority people in Lao Cai Province, Vietnam. The Bac Ha Dog has long been used for hunting, supporting, and guarding when the owner going to the forest.
The Bac Ha Dog has a thick, fluffy coat of fur that comes in colors of white, grey, black, tan, and brindle. They are also described as being highly intelligent and easy to train.
2. Dingo Indochina
The Dingo Indochina is a primitive breed in the island and mountainous areas of Vietnam. They're famous for their intelligence, loyalty, and cruelty. They are bred by ethnic minority people to defend the house and to go hunting.
The Dingo Indochina has short fur that usually comes in shades of black or yellow. In order to be considered purebred, the Dingo Indochina must have four legs with all white paws.
3. H'mong Docked Tail Dog
The H'mong Docked Tail Dog is an ancient breed of dog that originated among the H'mong ethnic minority people who lived in the mountainous areas of Northern Vietnam. They are thought to share close ancestry with wolves, which is evident in their primitive hunting abilities.
The H'mong Docked Tail Dog are powerful dogs, born with naturally docked short or very short tails, long straight muscular legs, and with a thick coat of fur in the shades of black, brownish red, black & white, and brindle. Though the H'mong Docked Tail Dog is rare, many breeders are dedicating their time and efforts to conserve this dog breed.
The H'mong Docked Tail Dog is very loyal, obeying only its owner. It abstained from food to death and refused to eat food from people who were not its owner.